talk: Self-sustainable Cyber-physical System Design
Tuesday, March 13, 2012, 13:00pm
325b ITE, UMBC
Renewable energy can enable diverse self-sustainable cyber-physical systems with applications ranging from healthcare to off-grid home energy management. However, there are several challenges that need to be addressed before such systems can be realized. For instance, how do we balance the small and often variable energy budgets imposed by renewables with system functionality? How can we design sensitive physical sensors and efficient harvesting circuits for mW energy sources such as sound and indoor light? For systems such as off-grid homes that interact with humans, how do we balance demand and supply while being cognizant to usability needs?
In this talk, I will present techniques that address these challenges. Specifically, I will propose a Hierarchical Power Management paradigm that combines platforms with varied energy needs to balance energy consumption and functionality, the design of an efficient harvester for sound scavenging, and sensitive ECG sensors. I will also present a measurement study that reveals the energy management challenges faced by off-grid home residents. Finally, I will conclude with the design of a solar replayer platform that allows immense flexibility in evaluating solar panel driven systems, and works for a wide range of panels.