arXiv:1903.03650 [cs.IT]

# SAT-based Compressive Sensing

March 6, 2019

We propose to reduce the original well-posed problem of compressive sensing to weighted-MAX-SAT. Compressive sensing is a novel randomized data acquisition approach that linearly samples sparse or compressible signals at a rate much below the Nyquist-Shannon sampling rate. The original problem of compressive sensing in sparse recovery is NP-hard; therefore, in addition to restrictions for the uniqueness of the sparse solution, the coding matrix has also to satisfy additional stringent constraints -usually the restricted isometry property (RIP)- so we can handle it by its convex or nonconvex relaxations. In practice, such constraints are not only intractable to be verified but also invalid in broad applications. We first divide the well-posed problem of compressive sensing into relaxed sub-problems and represent them as separate SAT instances in conjunctive normal form (CNF). After merging the resulting sub-problems, we assign weights to all clauses in such a way that the aggregated weighted-MAX-SAT can guarantee successful recovery of the original signal. The only requirement in our approach is the solution uniqueness of the associated problems, which is notably looser. As a proof of concept, we demonstrate the applicability of our approach in tackling the original problem of binary compressive sensing with binary design matrices. Experimental results demonstrate the supremacy of the proposed SAT-based compressive sensing over the ell_1-minimization in the robust recovery of sparse binary signals. SAT-based compressive sensing, on average, requires 8.3% fewer measurements for exact recovery of highly sparse binary signals (s/N ≈ 0.1). When s/N ≈ 0.5, the ell_1-minimization, on average, requires 22.2% more measurements for the exact reconstruction of the binary signals. Thus, the proposed SAT-based compressive sensing is less sensitive to the sparsity of the original signals.

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